If you have been referred to a hospital so you can undergo brain surgery, you may be worried about the prospect of having your skull opened up and part of your brain removed. This article will explain the process of preparing, undergoing and recovering from brain surgery. The types of brain surgery.

There are two common types of brain surgery, the biopsy and the craniotomy. A biopsy is often performed when your doctor wishes to investigate a suspected brain tumour. During a brain biopsy, a small amount of tissue will be removed and tested. A craniotomy is performed when a brain tumour has been located and positively identified. A craniotomy involves the removal the tumorous mass from the brain.

Before surgery

Before surgery begins, you will undergo a number of scans and tests. First of all, the doctor will provide a general psychical exam so they can assess your general health and your suitability for surgery. They may also take blood samples. Once this is complete, a neurologist will perform a brain scan. The brain scan will produce high definition images of your brain, which will allow your surgeon to assess the size and location of any tumours and to plan the operation. You will also be required to stop taking any medication which thins the blood, as this could increase the chance that you will suffer from excessive bleeding during the surgery.

During surgery

The duration of the surgery will depend on the location, number and size of the tumours. Simple brain surgery may be over in a matter of hours whereas more complex surgeries can last an entire day. If a tumour is located in a part of the brain which affects movement, language or vision, the surgery may take place when you are awake. You will be anaesthetised while your skill is opened up. Once this is complete, you can be awakened without feeling pain as the brain does not contain any pain receptors. The surgeon will ask you to speak, sing or perform other simple tasks so they can be sure they are not damaging or removing vital parts of the brain.

After surgery

Once the surgery is complete, you will be moved onto an intensive care recovery ward. The majority patients can stand and walk around after a few days in recovery. You will be given medication to help you to deal with any post-op pain.

If you would like further advice, you should contact a neurologist today.